American Revolution Review Questions

Here are all questions for material we’ve covered during our American Revolution Unit.  Our test will be on Wednesday, May 16th.  Use these questions to quiz yourself.  Answers can be found in your notebook.  As always, you can earn positive token punches for discussing questions with your parents if they notify me through quick note, email, or signature in your assignment notebook.

  • How did the colonists prepare for the possibility of war?
  • Why did the British plan to march to Lexington and Concord?
  • What was the mission of Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott?
  • What does the phrase “one if by land, two if by sea” mean?
  • Describe the Battle of Lexington.
  • What does the phrase “shot heard round the world” mean?
  • Describe the Battle of Concord.
  • Who led the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • What was the mission in the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • How many casualties in the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • What was the outcome of this battle?
  • What were the accomplishments of the Second Continental Congress?
  • Name some delegates who attended the Second Continental Congress.
  • How did the Patriots prepare for the Battle of Bunker Hill?
  • Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill take place?
  • What strategy did the Patriots use while fighting the battle?
  • Explain the outcome of this battle.
  • How was the battle a victory and a loss for each side in some ways?
  • What were some challenges the Colonial Army faced?
  • Why was there disagreement over African Americans serving in the Continental Army?
  • Once the need for African American soldiers was decided, how did the army motivate them to join?
  • How did the Continental Army take back control of Boston?
  • Share background information you learned in class about Thomas Paine.
  • Why was Thomas Paine’s pamphlet called “Common Sense”?
  • Why was Thomas Paine’s pamphlet so widely read?
  • What were some reasons Thomas Paine gave for America’s need for independence?
  • How is the Declaration of Independence like a break-up letter?
  • Explain the 5 parts of the Declaration of Independence.
  • Why was the Declaration of Independence written?
  • Why were George Washington and his men stationed in Pennsylvania?
  • Who were the Hessians?
  • Why were the British and Hessians not expecting an attack at Trenton?
  • Who was the head commander of the British army at this time?
  • Who commanded the Hessian army at Trenton?
  • Describe Washington’s army’s journey to Trenton from Pennsylvania.
  • What was the outcome of the Battle of Trenton?
  • Describe the Battle of Trenton and its outcome.
  • Why were these victories important in the overall outcome of the Revolutionary War?
  • Who was the commanding officer for the entire British army in 1777?  (Hint: the “George Washington” of the British)
  • Who was in charge of the British troops at the Battle of Saratoga?
  • Who was in charge of the American troops at the Battle of Saratoga?
  • Why did the British want to capture the Hudson River?
  • As the British troops marched to Albany, New York, how did the American soldiers work against them?
  • Describe how the Americans defeated the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
  • Why is this battle known as the “turning point in the war”?
  • Describe the hardships Washington’s army faced in the winter of 1777-1778 at Valley Forge.
  • Describe how Washington treated his soldiers.
  • Who helped turn the soldiers into a more professional army while at Valley Forge?
  • How were the American soldiers different at the end of that winter?
  • In what ways did women and African Americans contribute to the Revolutionary War effort?
  • Tell about at least one woman or African American you learned about in class and his or her role in the American Revolution.
  • What groups made up the American forces?
  • What groups made up the British forces?
  • Describe the fighting styles of the British forces and the American forces.
  • Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each force.
  • Who led the British troops in Yorktown?
  • Who led the American troops in Yorktown?
  • Who led the French troops?  French navy?
  • How did the French play a role in this battle?
  • How did the Americans win the Battle of Yorktown?
  • Who negotiated for the American side in the Treaty of Paris, 1783?
  • Why was this peace agreement between England and America called the Treaty of Paris?
  • What were some terms of the Treaty of Paris?  (American gains and agreements/ British losses and agreements)

Emily Yott Foundation Fundraiser

It is with a full heart that I announce our triad won the Emily Yott Foundation Fundraiser contest, by a landslide!  Our triad brought in $766.69!  We are so touched and grateful for the generosity of our families.  The Emily Yott Foundation was started by one of our own teacher’s (Megan Weir) families after experiencing the loss of a loved one to childhood leukemia.  100% of the proceeds go to help local families with children suffering from cancer.  Thank you, thank you, thank you!  Our students will be receiving a Kona Ice Truck party as a reward.  The party will be scheduled and date announced this week.

Causes of the American Revolution Review Questions

Here are the questions from the homework page for continued discussion and review.

  • Where did the Proclamation of 1763 set the boundary line for colonists to move no farther?
  • Why did England think the Proclamation of 1763 was necessary?
  • Why did it anger colonists?
  • Explain what the Stamp Act required.
  • Why were colonists so upset about paying taxes to England?
  • What were some ways colonists protested against tax laws?
  • Explain what the following words mean:  congress, Parliament, boycott, effigy, repeal, tariff,  protest, treason, representation/representative
  • What does the phrase “No Taxation without Representation” mean?
  • What did the Townshend Acts tax?
  • What did the Quartering Act require?
  • Describe the series of events that took place on the night of the Boston Massacre.
  • What claims were made that pointed to self-defense?
  • What claims were made that pointed to murder?
  • Which side do you believe?  Support your opinion with evidence.
  • Why did John Adams defend the British soldiers even though he was a strong Patriot?
  • Describe your role in the mock trial of the Boston Massacre which we held in class.
  • What was the outcome of the real Boston Massacre Trial?
  • What was the last tax in place after all other taxes were repealed?
  • Describe the “Boston Tea Party”.
  • Who was responsible for the Boston Tea Party?
  • Why were colonists so upset about a small tax on tea?
  • Why did the participants of the Boston Tea Party disguise themselves as Mohawk Indians?
  • Describe your role in the Skype experience.  Were you a loyalist or patriot?  What do each of those terms mean?
  • How were the colonists of Boston punished for the Boston Tea Party?

Social Studies Update: Causes of the Revolution

Many exciting things have been happening in social studies class the past couple of weeks.  We had our Skype virtual field trip with the Boston Tea Party Museum in Boston, MA, a formal tea party using real china teacups, and began a CSI (Crime Scene Investigation) for the Boston Massacre.  During this exciting time, we are learning about the events that will lead to the American Revolution.  It all starts after the French and Indian War.  The colonists are taxed to help England get out of debt from the war, but the colonists do not have representation in England’s Parliament to have a say on laws being passed.  Several tax laws are passed including the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts, and the Tea Act.  The students participated in a simulation in which they were given M & M’s, but had to pay taxes for items they possessed like pencils.  Many kids experienced frustration over losing most of their M & M’s.  In the end the students got back their M & M’s – unlike the colonists who did not get tax money back!  We learned about ways the colonists protested tax laws – with boycotting British goods being one of the most effective.  A pattern of a law being passed, colonists protesting, law being repealed, then a new law being passed continued in the years leading up to the Revolution.  The colonists’ protests sometimes turned violent.  To keep peace, England sends more soldiers.  Tensions run high in Boston and lead to an event called the Boston Massacre.  British soldiers fire upon an angry mob of colonists ending in five colonists’ deaths.  Right now, students are investigating evidence and first hand accounts of what happened to determine if the British soldiers fired in self defense or if it was murder.  We will be having a mock trial this week and students will be taking a side and writing a persuasive essay to support their stance.  Be sure to ask your child about what is happening in class.  There are many questions on the Homework page.

French and Indian War

Here are French and Indian War questions from last week’s Homework page to keep reviewing.

Who were the sides fighting in the French and Indian War?
What territory were these groups fighting over?
Why was the territory considered so valuable?
How did the French and Indian War begin?
How did the British fighting style differ from the Native Americans?
How did the British finally win the French and Indian War?
How was this war a beginning step in the American Revolution to come later?

 

Southern Colony Review Questions

Here are Southern Colony review questions saved from the homework page.  Keep reviewing questions for all three regions.  We will have an open-note assessment at the end of this week, Friday, February 16th.

  • Name the 5 Southern Colonies
  • What were the natural resources used to make income in the Southern Colonies?
  • Describe a plantation.
  • What is a cash crop?
  • What were common cash crops in the south?
  • Why was slavery so much more a part of the south than other colonial regions?
  • Describe the “Middle Passage”.
  • Describe possible conditions of being a slave.  What was applicable to all slaves?
  • How did slaves fight back against slavery?
  • Describe the social class structure in the Southern Colonies.
  • Describe some aspects of daily life for each social class:  gentry class, middle class, slave class.

Middle Colony Review Questions

I’m saving the Middle Colony review questions here so you can keep reviewing.  I still have a couple of kids who haven’t taken the quiz yet as well.  We are wrapping up learning about the Southern Colonies this week.  We will be doing a writing activity for which the students can read their notes.  We will be starting a project towards the end of the week and I will give a 13 Colonies Test next week to wrap up the unit.  You will find Southern Colony review questions on the Homework Page.

  • Name the 4 Middle Colonies.
  • Who founded the colony of New Netherland?
  • Who governed New Netherland?
  • How did New Netherland become New York and New Jersey?
  • Who was William Penn and why was he important?
  • How was Pennsylvania founded?
  • What is a Quaker?  Describe their beliefs.
  • Why were Quakers persecuted in England and by the Puritans?
  • Why are the Middle Colonies more culturally and ethnically diverse than the New England Colonies?
  • Describe ways the Middle Colonies used their natural resources for their economic needs.
  • How were the Middle Colonies the same and different from the New England Colonies?

 

New England Colonies Review Questions

As we are learning about the 13 Colonies, I am giving mini quizzes each week, but I will have a comprehensive test and project on all the colonies to culminate.  I didn’t want these review questions to be lost.  It would be helpful to keep the knowledge fresh.

  • Name the 4 New England Colonies.
  • What natural resources did the New England Colonies most depend on?
  • What group settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
  • How was this group the same and different from the Pilgrims of Plymouth?
  • Who was the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
  • To what did the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony compare their colony?  Explain what he meant?
  • What did the Puritans value most?  How did this influence their daily lives?
  • How did Puritans ensure all children were educated?  Why was being able to read important to the Puritans?
  • What was daily life like for most Puritans in the New England Colonies?
  • Who was Roger Williams and why is he important?
  • Explain the terms “Liberty of Conscience” and “Separation of Church and State”.
  • Who started the colony of Connecticut and why?
  • What is an example of self-government in the New England Colonies?
  • Describe King Phillips’ War.  Who was involved?  What was the cause?  What was the outcome?
  • The Puritans wanted freedom of religion for themselves, but did not tolerate other religions or ideas.  Give examples that show this lack of toleration.

Social Studies Video Links

Here are some video links for things we have watched in class that students have asked me to post.

Jamestown:

https://www.snagfilms.com/films/title/nightmare_in_jamestown

https://vimeo.com/107002857

Plymouth:

http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/webcast.htm

We only watched the first two videos for this link.  Students might enjoy watching the Wampanoag Village and First Thanksgiving videos.

NWEA Testing Begins January 8th!

Please note that Reading and Math NWEA testing for the middle of year begins Monday, January 8th.  We will begin testing Reading on Monday and Tuesday.  Math will be tested on Wednesday and Thursday, with all makeup testing on Friday.  Please do your best to avoid making appointments during the school day next week.  It is very difficult to makeup testing and students usually don’t do as well in makeup situations.  A good night’s rest and a healthy, protein-filled breakfast goes a long way!