American Revolution Review Questions

By phillipss  

Here are all questions for material we’ve covered during our American Revolution Unit.  Our test will be on Wednesday, May 16th.  Use these questions to quiz yourself.  Answers can be found in your notebook.  As always, you can earn positive token punches for discussing questions with your parents if they notify me through quick note, email, or signature in your assignment notebook.

  • How did the colonists prepare for the possibility of war?
  • Why did the British plan to march to Lexington and Concord?
  • What was the mission of Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott?
  • What does the phrase “one if by land, two if by sea” mean?
  • Describe the Battle of Lexington.
  • What does the phrase “shot heard round the world” mean?
  • Describe the Battle of Concord.
  • Who led the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • What was the mission in the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • How many casualties in the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga?
  • What was the outcome of this battle?
  • What were the accomplishments of the Second Continental Congress?
  • Name some delegates who attended the Second Continental Congress.
  • How did the Patriots prepare for the Battle of Bunker Hill?
  • Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill take place?
  • What strategy did the Patriots use while fighting the battle?
  • Explain the outcome of this battle.
  • How was the battle a victory and a loss for each side in some ways?
  • What were some challenges the Colonial Army faced?
  • Why was there disagreement over African Americans serving in the Continental Army?
  • Once the need for African American soldiers was decided, how did the army motivate them to join?
  • How did the Continental Army take back control of Boston?
  • Share background information you learned in class about Thomas Paine.
  • Why was Thomas Paine’s pamphlet called “Common Sense”?
  • Why was Thomas Paine’s pamphlet so widely read?
  • What were some reasons Thomas Paine gave for America’s need for independence?
  • How is the Declaration of Independence like a break-up letter?
  • Explain the 5 parts of the Declaration of Independence.
  • Why was the Declaration of Independence written?
  • Why were George Washington and his men stationed in Pennsylvania?
  • Who were the Hessians?
  • Why were the British and Hessians not expecting an attack at Trenton?
  • Who was the head commander of the British army at this time?
  • Who commanded the Hessian army at Trenton?
  • Describe Washington’s army’s journey to Trenton from Pennsylvania.
  • What was the outcome of the Battle of Trenton?
  • Describe the Battle of Trenton and its outcome.
  • Why were these victories important in the overall outcome of the Revolutionary War?
  • Who was the commanding officer for the entire British army in 1777?  (Hint: the “George Washington” of the British)
  • Who was in charge of the British troops at the Battle of Saratoga?
  • Who was in charge of the American troops at the Battle of Saratoga?
  • Why did the British want to capture the Hudson River?
  • As the British troops marched to Albany, New York, how did the American soldiers work against them?
  • Describe how the Americans defeated the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
  • Why is this battle known as the “turning point in the war”?
  • Describe the hardships Washington’s army faced in the winter of 1777-1778 at Valley Forge.
  • Describe how Washington treated his soldiers.
  • Who helped turn the soldiers into a more professional army while at Valley Forge?
  • How were the American soldiers different at the end of that winter?
  • In what ways did women and African Americans contribute to the Revolutionary War effort?
  • Tell about at least one woman or African American you learned about in class and his or her role in the American Revolution.
  • What groups made up the American forces?
  • What groups made up the British forces?
  • Describe the fighting styles of the British forces and the American forces.
  • Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each force.
  • Who led the British troops in Yorktown?
  • Who led the American troops in Yorktown?
  • Who led the French troops?  French navy?
  • How did the French play a role in this battle?
  • How did the Americans win the Battle of Yorktown?
  • Who negotiated for the American side in the Treaty of Paris, 1783?
  • Why was this peace agreement between England and America called the Treaty of Paris?
  • What were some terms of the Treaty of Paris?  (American gains and agreements/ British losses and agreements)